Causes and frequency of noma

Noma is a bacterial infection that doesn’t occur in healthy children. Earlier, before a variety of medications, particularly antibiotics, were discovered, Noma, as a disease, only occurred with children who experienced serious infectious diseases such as scarlet fever, measles and typhoid fever and lived in poor nutritional conditions. Today Noma is still a widespread disease among under-and malnourished children in underdeveloped countries who live in poor hygienic conditions.

Noma is epidemic in many African countries. Every year about 100,000 children fall ill from Noma. The mortality rate is 80%. The disease doesn’t exist in the minds of the general public. This is also partly because it is still demonized. Therefore, affected children are often hidden from strangers or even from their own villagers.